What to know about the roles of obstetricians and gynecologists?

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What to know about the roles of obstetricians and gynecologists?

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What is the difference between a gynecologist and an obstetrician?

Almost all hospitals and healthcare centres have specialized and well-trained obstetricians and gynecologists. The primary role of a gynecologist is to treat female reproductive ailments. They are experts in handling female reproductive illnesses such as fertility issues, uterine or vaginal infections management, and birth control through tubal ligations, etcetera. Gynecologists specialize in performing different surgical procedures, such as:

  • Laparotomy
  • Hysterectomy
  • Tubal ligation.
  • Oophorectomy
  • Cystoscopy
  • Laparoscopy

However, the main work of an obstetrician is to take care of women’s health during and after the pregnancy operation. Along with this, they are also responsible for the fetus’s health and monitoring the womb throughout gestation. Obstetricians are available to pregnant moms for prenatal care as well as ongoing monitoring during the pregnancy. Apart from this, obstetricians are also dealing with several problems that come in front during the surgery.

There is no doubt that a patient first needs to check with the gynecologist while suspecting pregnancy, which suggests they meet the obstetrician after confirming the pregnancy. The obstetrician pays more attention not only to the pregnant lady’s health but also to their fetus. They often perform ultrasound tests to rectify any complications during the case. An obstetrician is an expert in performing the below-mentioned procedures:

  • Vaginal deliveries.
  • Episiotomy
  • Cesarean deliveries.

Which kind of health issues do a gynecologist and obstetrician treat?

A gynecologist usually rectifies the following ailments:

  • Infertility
  • Cancer of the reproductive system.
  • Incontinence, amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea.
  • Microorganism infections such as fungus, protozoa and bacteria.

An obstetrician generally deals with the following problems:

  • Pre-eclampsia and prolapsed cord.
  • Uterine rupture and hemorrhage.
  • Miscarriage and placental abruption.

Let’s talk about the education of obstetricians and gynecologists

Both obstetricians and gynecologists get their training together in the same field with slight differences in roles and responsibilities. Gynecologists can expertly handle pregnancy cases because they have full-fledged knowledge and hands-on experience in this field. The OBS and GYN is a postgraduate-level specialty under which obstetricians and gynecologists complete their education and training. Furthermore, experts, well-intelligent obstetricians, and gynecologists are selected to handle IVF cases to avoid minor mistakes.